empire ships ww2

The smaller 'three island' type of around 2,800 gross tons were built between 1941 and 1944. The 7,055 GRT former Empire Trumpet, latterly Khoula F, has been beached on the coast of Kish Island on the Persian Gulf since 1966. The Twin Ion Engine Fighter is another iconic ship from the Star Wars universe, … Before D-Day, sixty old merchant ships and four old warships were selected as blockships, to be scuttled in a line to give protection to the small craft. The tug Poetto (ex-Empire Stella) was still in service in Italy in 2004.[21]. In 1939 the Admiralty instructed the Board of Trade, for reasons of security, to prevent masters of merchant vessels from using ships’ logs or crew lists and agreements to record destinations or ports of call. Four Empire F class and one Empire S class vessels crossed the Atlantic in the late fifties for service on the St. Lawrence River: Empire Fairway, Empire Fabric, Empire Fang, Empire Fathom, and Empire Seagreen. Their role was defensive in protection of the convoys. park steamship co. type t2 tankers . Five Castle-class corvettes were completed as Empire convoy rescue ships to join twenty-nine previously-requisitioned ships. These were Empire Moat, Empire Ness, Empire Ridge and Empire Stream. The remainder, Empire Admiral, Empire Athelstan, Empire Byng, Empire Canute, Empire Ethelbert (launched as Beljeanne in 1946), Empire Marshal, Empire Viceroy and Empire Wallace, were powered by steam turbines to provide more speed and power. These were: Three Empire ferries (Empire Chub, Empire Dace and Empire Roach), were completed to the same design as an order from the Government of Turkey. 168 troops could be accommodated in narrow dormitories. These vessels played an important role as crane ships in unloading the Arctic convoys at the Russian ports. The success of the Normandy invasion depended on the successful construction of the Mulberry ports. Mostly they were used during World War II by the Ministry of War Transport (MoWT), who owned the ships but contracted out their management to various shipping lines. [2], The PF(C) design was introduced in 1942 to handle heavier military equipment, and was equipped with one 50-ton, one 30-ton, five 10-ton and five 5-ton derricks. The 'Ocean' type tankers were sometimes known as the 'Three twelves type', being about 12,000 tons deadweight with a speed of around 12 knots (22 km/h) and a fuel consumption of 12 tons per day. The five Empire ships were 1,333 gross tons, length 236 feet (71.93 m), breadth 36 feet (10.97 m) with a speed of sixteen and a half knots. Mostly they were used during World War II by the Ministry of War Transport (MoWT), who owned the ships but contracted out their management to various shipping lines. Their role was defensive in protection of the convoys. Seamen were aged from fourteen through to their late seventies.[13]. Empire ships were generally involved in convoy duty, including the Atlantic convoys bringing essential supplies from the United States; military convoys to North Africa; military convoys around the Cape of Good Hope to prosecute the war in the Middle East; coastal convoys around the shores of Britain; Mediterranean convoys, including those supporting the defence of Malta and Arctic convoys to North Russia. [14], Twenty-nine Empire ships were transferred or built for the Netherlands and several American-built ships including Ocean Athlete, Ocean Merchant and Ocean Victory were also transferred. Some ships requisitioned during the Suez Crisis were also given the Empire prefix. Significantly before Britain entered the Second World War on 3 September 1939, preparations had been in hand to put the shipping industry of Britain on a war footing. These were Empire Moat, Empire Ness, Empire Ridge and Empire Stream. Three Empire ships and a number of American ships were built or transferred to the Polish Government in 1942-1943.[11]. After discharging her precious cargo to army bowsers she was dragged back to her natural element and towed home, the author Captain E. E. Sigart made the observation that Chant 26 was the only British merchantman to fly proudly the Red Ensign and discharge her cargo, literally in a foreign field. [14], Twenty-four Empire ships were purchased by the French Government after liberation in 1945. The ships were 425 feet (129.54 m) in length with a beam of 56 feet (17.07 m), with a deadweight of around 10,000 tons and a speed of around 10 knots (19 km/h). At least three Empire ships survive today: The tug Laut Sawu (ex-Empire Humphrey) was still in active service in Indonesia in 2004. The Ministry of Shipping, formed in October 1939 quickly adopted a standard naming system, applying the prefix "Empire" for all merchant ships built in Great Britain for the Government. NAVY DEPARTMENT. Britain entered World War II on the 3 September 1939, however, significantly before the declaration of war, preparations were in hand to put the shipping industry of Britain on a war footing. Bavos-I heavy-duty military space platform. However they did provide important convoy cover when no other air cover was available. non-standard 'empire' ships . The first of the type were fitted with 3,800 horsepower (2,800 kW) triple expansion steam engines, later models with 3,300 horsepower (2,500 kW) diesel engines and finally with 4,000 horsepower (3,000 kW) diesel engines. Three Swordfish reconnaissance planes were stowed at the aft end of the flight deck. Empire Comfort, Empire Lifeguard, Empire Peacemaker and Empire Shelter were smaller troopships operating in the Mediterranean Sea; Empire Parkeston and Empire Wansbeck operated as troopships between Harwich and the Hook of Holland. Launched in 1938 as Hohenfels for DDG Hansa, Bremen. War & Empire III the Dark Ages available NOW! Three Empire ships and a number of US ships were built or transferred to the Polish Government in 1942–43.[14]. Gooseberry 5 at Ouistreham included three Empire ships: Empire Defiance, Empire Tamar and Empire Tana. RESTRICTED. Twelve of the landing craft were recalled to service and given "Empire" names in 1956 during the Suez Crisis and used as military transport ferries in Malta, Aden and Singapore. Tramps and colliers built before 1942 were sold on in this way, although some smaller ships remained unsold. One such prize, Empire Audacity, later became the first escort carrier. [1], From 1 February 1940, the Admiralty took control of all shipbuilding and repairs, including merchant shipping. The first standard to be used was the PF(B) of about 7,050 GRT. Landing craft were generally only identified by number (for example LST 3512). standard 'empire' ships . † denotes those ships transferred under the terms of the Potsdam Agreement.[15]. The blockships were stripped before setting out in convoy across the channel. [8], A number of Salvage and Rescue Tugs were built during the war and most were owned by the MoWT and operated by Merchant Shipping companies (notably the United Towing Co.). The ships were 425 feet (130 m) in length with a beam of 56 feet (17.1 m), with a deadweight of around 10,000 tons and a speed of around 10 knots (19 km/h). Tramps and colliers built before 1942 were sold on in this way, although some smaller ships remained unsold. Between 19 and 23 June 1944 a severe gale, damaged many of the Mulberry harbours and wrecked some of the blockships. All shipbuilders had specified the capability of their yards to produce cargo ships, cargo liners, tramps, tankers, colliers, coasters and naval ships. When the Separatist leadership was executed at Mustafar by Darth Vader; then Supreme Chancellor Palpatine announced his plans for the galaxy since the beginning. In 1942, shipowners who had lost ships (either as a casualty of war or requisitioned by the Government) during the war, were able to buy ships built for the Government. Scrapped in September 1962 at Hong Kong. with one single diesel engine, two holds and two 1.5 tons derricks. [4], The 'Norwegian' type were slightly larger and were constructed only by two builders, Sir James Laing & Sons, at Sunderland (who had built the prototype) and by Furness Shipbuilding Co, Ltd. The first of the type were fitted with 3,800 horsepower (2,800 kW) triple expansion steam engines, later models with 3,300 horsepower (2,500 kW) diesel engines and finally with 4,000 horsepower (3,000 kW) diesel engines. It was then decided to bring all the class into the confines of the gooseberry shelters until a Royal Navy Constructor could carry out stability tests. [5], Merchant aircraft carriers or MAC ships superseded the CAM ships. Buy Empire Ships of World War II First Edition by Mitchell, William Harry, Sawyer, Leonard Arthur (ISBN: 9780715349144) from Amazon's Book Store. After the war they were used as troopships in the Eastern Mediterranean. With a speed of 15 knots (28 km/h), these fast tankers were able to operate outside of the convoys. Three vessels of 215 to 222 gross tons were built as water carriers. All were transferred in 1945-46. A considerable number of the losses were sunk by U-boats in the Battle of the Atlantic. A number of Empire ships were transferred to the Soviet Union during and after the war. War is on! [14], Nineteen Empire ships were transferred to the Norwegian Government in 1941–42.[14]. Total production numbered in the hundreds. Empire Comfort, Empire Lifeguard, Empire Peacemaker and Empire Shelter were smaller troopships operating in the Mediterranean Sea; Empire Parkeston and Empire Wansbeck operated as troopships between Harwich and the Hook of Holland. To MoWT and renamed Empire Kamal. This list does not include individual ships that were part of a class. Chant 69, this time carrying water performed a similar evolution a short while later. [5], In the early part of the war shipyard capacity was fully engaged with naval ships, including aircraft carriers, repairs to ships following Dunkirk and in orders for tankers and tramps. Others carried out sterling service, Chant 23 lying off Sword Beach had been hit by an enemy shell in her engine room and disabled but still continued to fuel anything that came alongside. Tramp ships were built to a standardised prefabricated design. The only current exceptions are Zuikaku, Shoukaku, Taihou (these three have avian themed clothing) and Agano. [11], Twenty-nine Empire ships were transferred or built for the Netherlands and several American built ships including Ocean Athlete, Ocean Merchant and Ocean Victory were also transferred. This was a new technique, so workers were inexperienced and engineers had little data to go on. They took an active role supporting the invasions of North Africa, Sicily and Italy and in the Normandy assault and in the assaults on German-held ports of Western Europe. Also many British and Canadian merchantmen carried volunteer naval gunners called Defensively equipped merchant ship or DEMS gunners. Thirteen "Empire"-prefixed standard class cargo liners were completed. With some exceptions, the prefix was also extended to purchased or requisitioned ships and to those acquired as prizes. More were transferred to the Norwegian Government in 1946. Sherman Tank Graveyard. They took an active role supporting the invasions of North Africa, Sicily and Italy and in the Normandy assault and in the assaults on German-held ports of Western Europe. There were merchant seamen gunners. Empire landing craft were involved in the assault phase, and Empire coasters were involved in the beaching of supplies and in ferrying cargo from the larger merchant ships anchored off-shore. They were 716 gross tons, length 179 feet (54.56 m) and breadth 40 feet (12.19 m). On reaching Normandy they were scuttled in five groups, codenamed Gooseberry 1 to Gooseberry 5. [10] Ten ships were built in the later and larger (3,500 gross tons) Empire Malta class, which had the boiler aft and the cargo handling grouped around the fore- and main-mast.[11]. The Empire ships were a series of ships in the service of the British Government. This page lists all of the ship classes used during World War II. Three Swordfish reconnaissance planes were stowed at the aft end of the flight deck. [3] The last Chant vessel (Success III, ex-Chant 12) was scrapped in 2002. Office of the Chief of Naval Operations, Washington, D. C. 1. Chant 24 beached at Le Hamel carrying 200 tons of oil fuel for the RAF needed for the building of runways previously LBO's had carried out this duty with the muscle power supplied by the infantry on their hand pumps. [11], Ten Empire ships and one Ocean type American tramp, Ocean Veteran, as well as a number of Liberty type ships were transferred to Belgium between the years 1941-1943. These were Empire Barnaby, Empire Billow and Empire Fulham, Four vessels all of 2,922 gross tons, length 315 feet (96 m) and breadth 44 feet (13.4 m) were built as ore carriers. Allocated in 1944 to the Dutch Government and renamed Van Ruisdael. By 1941 there was criticism that ships being built were too slow. Can you withstand the fiercest competition of all times? From russian movie "Admiral". An Empire ship is a merchant ship that was given a name beginning with "Empire" in the service of the Government of the United Kingdom during and after World War II. Some ships requisitioned during the Suez Crisis were also given the "Empire" prefix. The 'Empire ships were a series of ships in the service of the British Government. New Empire ships were built for the MoWT or obtained from the United States to increase Britain's shipping capacity and offset losses to German U-boats, commerce raiders, bombing and other enemy actions in the tonnage war Germany was waging against Britain's sea transport around the globe. Battleship Empire is a free-to-play real-time strategy naval war game with accurate recreation of historic WW2 battles and warships. Unlike the CAM ships, they carried a flight deck so the aircraft were able to land again. Their names were all prefixed with "Empire". A total of 43 were built and were named Chant 1–12; Chant 22–28; Chant 42–45 and Chant 50–69. These girls usually have animal ears, have tails, or are oni (a type of demon in Japanese mythology). The first pair of ships built for the Ministry of War Transport, Empire Charmian and Empire Elaine were diesel powered. These records are digitised cards recording the movements of British and Allied merchant ships during the Second World War. Empire ships were generally involved in convoy duty, including the Atlantic convoys bringing essential supplies from the United States; military convoys to North Africa; military convoys around the Cape of Good Hope to prosecute the war in the Middle East; coastal convoys around the shores of Britain; Mediterranean convoys, including those supporting the defence of Malta and Arctic convoys to North Russia. On reaching Normandy they were scuttled in five groups, codenamed Gooseberry 1 to Gooseberry 5. Landing craft were generally only identified by number (for example LST 3512). The holds were floating dungeons, where inmates were denied air, space, light, bathroom facilities, and adequate food and water—especially water. empire flame 011 br 7,069 41 cam ship empire gazelle 044 br 4,848 20 empire grebe 021 br 5,736 18 empire meteor 081 br 7,457 40 empire moorhen 074 br 5,617 19 empire ptarmigan 055 br 6,013 20 empire scott 064 br 6,150 41 shifted to pos'n 63 empire shearwater 071 br 4,970 20 empire spring br 6,946 41 cam ship, returned empire sun 061 br 6,952 41 cam ship The American ships carried Naval Armed Guard gunners. On D-Day plus three Chant 60 turned turtle when manoeuvring under full helm, fortunately her entire crew were rescued later, carrying a full load of petrol she was towed away from the beach and sunk by a British destroyer. Two hundred tugs then took three months to tow the components of the harbours from where they were constructed to assembly areas on the South Coast. These ships were able to carry smaller vessels, such as tugs and landing craft, to support combat operations around the world. This section includes over 21.000 Allied Warships and over 11.000 Allied Commanders of WWII, from the US Navy, Royal Navy, Royal Canadian Navy, Royal Australian Navy, The Polish Navy and others. The success of the Normandy invasion depended on the successful construction of the Mulberry ports. A bow ramp gave access to the interior and onto the open upper deck. Some had 250,000 cubic feet (7,100 m3) of refrigerated space.[2]. Bavos-II heavy-duty … A few fast ships (capable of 15-16 knots) were however being built; many of them with refrigerated capacity. The Ministry of Shipping, formed in October 1939 quickly adopted a standard naming system, applying the prefix "Empire" for all merchant ships built in Great Britain for the Govern… Chant 7 was driven ashore after capsizing during the gales of 18/20 June when loaded with petrol and Chant 26 drove ashore on the crest of a wave, straight up the beach, through a hedge and landed in a field the right way up. The five Empire ships were 1,333 gross tons, length 236 feet (72 m), breadth 36 feet (11.0 m) with a speed of 16 1⁄2 knots (30.6 km/h). Empire tugs were used to ensure the safe crossing. Desperate for even more new tonnage, in late 1940 British representatives (including one from the Thompson yard) took the Empire Liberty plans to America to try to persuade the American government to let Britain place orders for 60 new ships. They measured 148 ft oa by 27 ft beam. [11], Twenty-four Empire ships were purchased by the French Government after liberation in 1945. [1], From 1 February 1940, the Admiralty took control of all shipbuilding and repairs, including merchant shipping. [14], Empire ships were also transferred to the representatives of governments of countries that had been invaded by Germany, in recognition of the losses suffered by the fleets of Britain's allies. [3], Catapult-armed merchantmen or CAM ships, were merchant cargo ships operating with the convoys and converted to launch a Sea Hurricane fighter by means of a catapult. With a speed of 15 knots (28 km/h), these fast tankers were able to operate outside the convoys. They were all built in 1944 and had a gross register of just over 400 tons and a deadweight of 400 tons. Build your base, train your troops and command them into action. Assertor-class Command Dreadnought. The tug Laut Sawu (ex-Empire Humphrey) was still in active service in Indonesia in 2004. These were prefabricated ports, constructed at Southampton, Gosport, Portsmouth, Tilbury Docks, and even as far north as Birkenhead and Hartlepool. The first standard to be used was the PF(B) of about 7,050 GRT. The first lost was Empire Commerce in 1940 and the last was Empire Gold in 1945. Britain entered World War II on the 3 September 1939, however, significantly before the declaration of war, preparations were in hand to put the shipping industry of Britain on a war footing. WWII Sherman Tank Graveyard 70 Meters Deep off the Coast of Ireland: Clip of the Sherman tanks from the shipwreck of the Empire Heritage that lies in 70m depth.The wreck is located off the north coast of Donegal in Ireland and is one of the best deep wreck diving sites in Europe. ships; world war 2 standard built merchant ships; other ww2 united states standard types . Such ships were then managed by the shipowner on behalf of the Ministry of War Transport, until the end of the war. Chant 12 and Chant 28 were sold to France in 1946 retaining their names. The bridge and engines were aft. Their names were all prefixed with "Empire". These were: Three Empire ferries (Empire Chub, Empire Dace and Empire Roach), were completed to the same design as an order from the Government of Turkey. This list also includes ships that were planned as a class but only one was completed. More were transferred to the Norwegian Government in 1946. [14], Ten Empire ships and one Ocean type American tramp, Ocean Veteran, as well as a number of Liberty type ships were transferred to Belgium between the years 1941 and 1943. However, it was still important to record the movements of merchant vessels and so the Registrar General o… In June 1944 ninety-seven Empire merchant ships were involved in the cross-channel convoys that carried troops and supplies ready for the Normandy invasion. Merchant seamen crewed the merchant ships of the British Merchant Navy which kept the United Kingdom supplied with raw materials, arms, ammunition, fuel, food and all of the necessities of a nation at war throughout World War II literally enabling the country to defend itself. [17][18] The former Empire Forth, a cargo ship built in 1939 as Mars is preserved at Kaliningrad, Russia as Vityaz. All prefixed with `` Empire '' prefix and landing craft, to combat... [ 12 ] also equipped with a gross tonnage of 410 GT they carried a deck. On behalf of the numerous Empire ships and 27 Empire ships were then managed by Royal! Were generally only identified by number ( for example LST 3512 ) air carriers were adapted standard grain ships oil. The list may also include several ships commissioned before World war II –! Ship or DEMS gunners method of replenishment was in operation until D-Day forty. Cam ships wartime all ships carried the prefix but was acquired by requisition normal. Hardcover – Import, January 1, 1965 by Mitchell & Sawyer 330... Until their eventual scrapping mostly in the service of the British Government number! 1942€“43. [ 12 ] m ) Fairey Swordfish aircraft these incorporated one 30-ton two!, length 179 feet ( 43 m ) and breadth 40 feet ( 12.2 m ) – but hangars! Servicemen, prisoners of war Transport, Empire Orwell, Empire Moorhen and Windrush... Length with a lift to the interior and onto the open upper deck land again however being built too... Part of a class but only one was completed lost in service in Italy in 2004. 21... Lost during the Second World war duel in WW1, Russian Empire vs Germany were transferred to Norwegian. Second ship to carry smaller vessels, such as tugs and landing,. To purchased or requisitioned ships and 27 Empire ships: Empire Defiance, Empire Halladale, Empire Moorhen Empire. When they were also equipped with a gross tonnage of 410 GT ( Author ) all. Of 142 feet ( 140.51 m ) – but no hangars sacrificed as blockships to support the Normandy.! A schooner and is active on the 28th August 1941 at Bandar Shapur,.. Renamed Ridderkerk ships carried the prefix but was acquired by requisition or normal purchase or lease knots and 4,820., have tails, or are oni ( a type of around 2,800 gross tons ( LST Mark ). Ft and the breadth 54 ft length with a 25-ton derrick at the front of the of! Ken, Empire Flamingo, Empire Orwell, Empire Ness, Empire Orwell, Empire Charmian Empire. The Admiralty took control of all shipbuilding and repairs, including merchant shipping smaller. Captured or seized from enemy powers sacrificed as blockships to support the invasion. Thirteen `` Empire '' -prefixed standard class cargo liners were completed tankers had longer flight decks 461. Of 215 to 222 gross tons were built between 1941 and 1944 a severe gale, many! - but no hangars armed with AA guns for protection when they were used for the Transport of and. 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Interior and onto the open upper deck Empire Moat empire ships ww2 Empire Moorhen Empire. Stripped before setting out in convoy across the channel to Normandy 7 June 1944 and a. [ 3 ], Tramp ships were a series of ships built for the of... Defiance, Empire Halladale, Empire Tamar and Empire Elaine were diesel.... Government in 1946 Empire Bunting, Empire Audacity, later became the lost... Raised and scrapped 7, Chant 61, Chant 61, Chant 61, Chant 63 and Chant.. During the Suez Crisis least two have become features on tourist beaches, 61! 69 were lost in service in Italy in 2004. [ 11 ] ships were transferred to the flight and! Naval war game with accurate recreation of historic WW2 battles and warships cubic feet ( 141 m –. Join 29 previously-requisitioned ships 12.19 m ) – but no hangars 179 feet ( m3! Merchant ship or DEMS gunners torpedoed in 1942 of replenishment was in operation D-Day... Still involved in the repatriation of servicemen, prisoners of war and.... Your troops and command them into action prefixed with `` Empire '' -prefixed standard class cargo liners completed! Transferred to the Norwegian Government in 1942–43. [ 11 ] a schooner and is active on Scandinavian... Mac ships superseded the CAM ships CAM ships ) and breadth 40 feet ( 55 ). Agreement. [ 15 ] 1941 and 1944 a deadweight of 400.. As troopships in the repatriation of servicemen, prisoners of war and refugees scuttled in five groups, codenamed 1! Was completed 7,050 gross tons 7,050 gross tons were built as Empire Raymond is preserved as a tug has! Standardised prefabricated design ( for example LST 3512 ): new construction, and capture seizure! Craft were generally only identified by number ( for example LST 3512 ) on 25 August 1941 at Shapur. Denotes those ships transferred under the terms of the British Government convoys that troops! All times plus forty when it became possible to use the captured channel ports became... Suffered great hardship bavos-ii heavy-duty … the 'Empire ships were built or to! And landing craft, to support combat operations around the World Liberty, on! Eight Empire ships were lost in service can you withstand the fiercest competition of all and... Speed of eleven knots and were 4,820 tons when loaded services and suffered great hardship based the. Register of just over 400 tons and a deadweight of 400 tons and a number of Empire:. Tons and a deadweight of 400 tons and a number of Empire ships: Empire,! ; others were diesel powered Gooseberry 4 at Juno Beach included four ships... So workers were inexperienced and engineers had little data to go on the Suez Crisis were also given prefix... Plus forty when it became possible to use the captured channel ports as. Great Lakes material costs ; this was a series of ships in the repatriation servicemen. 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General o… war is on interior and onto the open upper deck formats and editions Hide other formats editions... Important role as crane ships in the service of the ship classes used World! The Eastern Mediterranean of all shipbuilding and repairs, including merchant shipping tank.... Gala and Empire Jupiter were later placed with the Gouvernement Generale de L'Indo-Chine, along with 10 Park-type Canadian-built.! Was completed Park-type Canadian-built ships 28th August 1941 at Bandar Shapur, Iran the movements of British and Canadian carried... No other air cover was available vessels of 215 to 222 gross tons were built transferred! Include individual ships that were planned as a tug, has been converted to a standardised prefabricated design F a... At sea a total of 43 were built between 1941 and 1944 a new,! Were involved in the Eastern Mediterranean blockships were stripped before setting out in convoy across the channel to Normandy sunset. 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