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Only after modernisation, could the factory begin full-scale production of the T-72. HEAT rounds allowed respectively 420 mm (17 in) and 450 mm (18 in) penetration of RHA steel at 0 degree angle. 25-03-2015 19:51:17 ZULU, Type V-shaped multi-fuel 4-stroke diesel V-84-1 (or B-93), DL, DZ, YES, T-1, TS-1, T-2, A-66 and A-72, at the level of the T-72B, explosive reactive armor (ERA) "Kontakt-5", Side of hull over track skirt, turret top. 179 T-72 main battle tanks in service as of 1 January 2008. 204 | South Ossetia conflict - South Ossetia 2008 | Russian Green; Nagorno Karabakh Army. The limit of aimed fire is 4,000 m (4,374.5 yd) (with the gun-launched anti-tank guided missile, which is rarely used outside of former Soviet states). Because of the time-consuming construction of the 5TDF engines, which took about twice as long as the contemporary V-45, the Malyshev Factory in Kharkiv could not provide a sufficient number of 5TDF engines for all Soviet tank factories. The T-72 entered service with the Soviet army in 1973. Use of an autoloader for the main gun allows for more efficient forced smoke removal compared to traditional manually loaded ("pig-loader") tank guns, so NBC isolation of the fighting compartment can, in theory, be maintained indefinitely. Hungary donated 77 T-72 tanks to the Government of Iraq in November 2005. Development. It was introduced in Update 1.97 "Viking Fury". Some export versions of the T-72 lacked the laser rangefinder until 1985 or sometimes only the squadron and platoon commander tanks (version K) received them. turret), and 32 grenades. [45] The turret armour composition was essentially identical to the T-72 "Ural-1" whereas Soviet-only T-72As had slightly increased turret protection. [118], In June 2013, Azerbaijan bought from Russia a $1 billion package of tanks, artillery, and rocket launchers starting on 18 June. Initially, the insurgent forces used IEDs and RPG-7 ambush tactics against the government armored forces. [20] But this construction, with its big, rubbercoated roadwheels now formed the basis for the mobilisation model of the T-64. Kevin M. Woods. The 'Object 187' used composite armour for the turret ("Super Dolly Parton" composite armor) and the hull front, and RHA for the rest of the tank. Dimensions: Length, 6.9 m (22.6 ft); width, 3.6 m (11.8 ft); height, 2.37 m (7.7 ft) Combat weight: 41,000 kg (45.2 tons) Engine: 12-cylinder diesel 780 horsepower. T72 Tank The T-72, which entered production in 1971, was first seen in public in 1977. The next armour update was introduced by the T-72A (Object 176), which was designed in 1976 and replaced the original on the production lines during 1979–1985. T92 Light Tank, or 76-mm Gun Tank, T92, was an American light tank developed in the 1950s by Aircraft Armaments.At 18.5 tonnes, 5m length, it was designed as an airborne/airdropped replacement for the 5.1 tonnes heavier M41 Walker Bulldog.The T92 was never accepted into service. Thomas R. Mockaitisю ABC-CLIO, 2013. [102][103][104][105][106], During the war in South Ossetia in 2008 both sides deployed great numbers of T-72 tanks. Yuri Pasholok however posted a Russian document, where these weights are written for Soviet purposes. [90] Only 20 surviving Vickers tanks were able to retreat to Saudi Arabia. His tank was destroyed and he suffered severe burns. Versions with reactive armour have V added, for vzryvnoy, "explosive". Command tanks have K added to their designation for komandirskiy, "command", for example T-72K is the command version of the basic T-72. Combat Weight: 41,5T: Length: 9,53m: Hull Length: 6,95m: Width: 3,59m: Ground Clearance: 0,49m: Policy. The T-72 has a nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) protection system. Viv. The 0.58 m (1 ft 11 in) wide tracks run on large-diameter road wheels, which allows for easy identification of the T-72 and descendants (the T-64 family has relatively small road wheels). The Russian Federation has over 5,000 T-72 tanks in use, including around 2,000 in active service and 3,000 in reserve. A slight over-pressure prevents entry of contamination via bearings and joints. The significance of this sighting was that Russia attempted to maintain plausible deniability over the issue of supplying tanks and other arms to the separatists. In an unclear political process[25] decree number 326-113 was issued, which allowed the production of Object 172 in the Soviet Union from 1 January 1972, and freed Uralvagonzavod from the T-64A production.[26]. These allowed penetration of respectively 310 mm (12 in) and 290 mm (11 in) RHA steel at 2000m at 0 degree angle. United States vs Russia. [99], In January 2009, it was reported that the Iraqi government was negotiating a deal to purchase up to 2,000 T-72 tanks. Vehicle engine exhaust smoke system. 2008. script.setAttribute("async", true); Thermal imaging sights are extremely expensive, and the new Russian FLIR system, the 'Buran-Catherine Thermal Imaging Suite' was introduced only recently on the T-80UM tank. Combat Weight (mt) 44.5: 46 t: Length, Gun forward: 9530 mm: Chassis Length Overall (m) 6.91: 6860 mm: Height Overall (m) 2.19: Width Overall (m) 3.58: 3770 mm: Ground Pressure (kg/cm 2 ) … T-72 M1 Abrams; Type: Main battle tank: Main battle tank: Origin: Russia: USA: Produced: 1973: 1980: Unit cost: 1–2 million $ (2009) 8.58 million $ (2012) More: Description, operators: Description, operators : Specifications. Main models of the T-72, built in the Soviet Union and Russia. For all rounds, the Zh40 propellant was used. This modernized T-72 is not known to have been exported to nor operated by any other country. During the First Chechen War, at least two tank duels took place. In September 2009, it was announced that Venezuela was planning to purchase 92 Russian T-72B1V tanks. The 1st series production of T-72 Object 172M began in July at UKBM in Nizhny Tagil. However, due to difficulties in getting the factory organised for the change in production from T-64 to T-72, only 30 completed tanks were delivered in 1973. The Georgian army deployed a total of 75 of its T-72 tanks into South Ossetia. It is believed that the maximum thickness is 280 mm (11 in) and the nose is 80 mm (3.1 in). Before 1990, Soviet-made T-72 export versions were similarly downgraded for non-Warsaw Pact customers (mostly the Arab countries). [52] The glacis was also fitted with 20 mm (0.8 in) of appliqué armour. A lot of people actually ask “how much did a turret of tank XY weight” and the answer is usually not very obvious and not that easy to find. — London: Osprey Publishing, 1993. [113][114], On 26 August 2014, International Institute for Strategic Studies claimed that it had identified a mixed column composed of at least 3 T-72B1s and a lone T-72BM in the War in Donbass. 550 km (340 mi) (without fuel drums) Maximum speed : 60 km/h (37 mph) The T-90 is a third-generation Russian battle tank that entered service in 1993. [79] Starting in 2012, the capture from Syrian stocks and later direct delivery by external sponsors of modern anti-tank guided missiles, including Chinese-made HJ-8, Soviet-made 9K111 Fagot, 9M113 Konkurs, and 9K115 Metis, and U.S.-made BGM-71 TOW missile enabled the opposition forces to engage and destroy any government armored vehicle types, T-72 included, from safer distances. The Battle of 73 Easting took place during a sandstorm in the Iraqi desert. The development of the T-72 was a direct result of the introduction of the T-64 tank. "Танки в боях за Грозный" Part 1. Both the T-64 and T-72 carry their two-section 125 mm ammunition (shell and full propellant charge, or missile and reduced propellant charge) in separate loading trays positioned on top of each other; but firstly, in T-64, 28 of these were arranged vertically as a ring under the turret ring proper, and were rotated to put the correct tray into position under the hoist system in the turret rear. China vs United States. [23], Uralvagonzavod produced the first prototype with a 125-mm gun and V-45K engine in 1968 as "Object 172". [80], At the beginning of the Iran–Iraq War, an Iraqi tank battalion, equipped with T-72s, in a battle near the town of Qasr-e Shirin completely defeated an Iranian tank battalion which consisted of Chieftain tanks, without incurring losses. In an interview with Dorzhi Batomunkuev on 4 March 2015, it was revealed that he had operated a T-72B as part of a 32 tank Russian army unit when fighting for Debaltseve in Ukraine in February 2015. It has improved mobility and protection. Т-72. ). The T-64 (Object 432) was a very ambitious project to build a competitive well-armoured tank with a weight of not more than 36 tons. Exported T-72s do not have the anti-radiation lining. At least some technical documentation on the T-72 is known to have been passed to the CIA by the Polish Colonel Ryszard Kukliński between 1971 and 1982. [119] Although the T-72 tanks Azerbaijan had were outdated, they were modified by Israel's Elbit Systems and Rafael. Some of these are viewed as deficiencies in a straight comparison to NATO tanks, but most are a product of the way these tanks were envisioned to be employed, based on the Soviets' practical experiences in World War II. In 1977 the armour of the T-72 Object 172M was slightly changed. Various versions of the T-72 have been in production for decades, and the specifications for its armour have changed considerably. 167. Um Al-Ma'arik (The Mother of All Battles): Operational and Strategic Insights from an Iraqi Perspective, Volume 1 (Revised May 2008). Interview - Iranian Tank Commander, McCaul ED, Apr-2004, "Briefing, Battle of 73 Easting". "true" : "false") + "; expires=" + d.toUTCString() + "; path=/"; Under influence from Kharkiv, the idea had been turned down by Moscow. Rand Corporation, Iraqi Perspectives Project Phase II. [111] Finally a T-72B was destroyed on 11 August by RPGs in the village of Zemo-Khviti, with entire crew getting killed. Early model T-72s did not feature side skirts; instead, the original base model featured gill or flipper-type armour panels on either side of the forward part of the hull. T-72B3M / T-72B4 Medium Tank. An "economy" tank with the old design V-46 powerplant was developed from 1967 at the Uralvagonzavod Factory located in Nizhny Tagil. Its designers used proven components whenever possible, improved existing components where required, and designed new components only when it was necessary. Rumours in NATO armies of the late Cold War claimed that the tremendous recoil of the huge 125 mm gun could damage the fully mechanical transmission of the T-72. [24] However, being only a mobilization model, serial production of Object 172 was not possible in peacetime. U.S. M1A1s and Bradley Fighting Vehicles came up against Iraqi Republican Guard T-72Ms and BMPs and inflicted 37 losses on the Iraqi armored forces, while losing a single Bradley to enemy fire. The first shout supposedly allowed the driver to disengage the clutch to prevent wrecking the transmission when the gunner fired the cannon on the second order. [117] However encountering deficiency of serviceable armoured vehicles, the Ukrainian Ministry of Defence began returning the T-72 to service. [53] KE-effective ERA, such as Kontakt-5, drove the development of M829A3 ammunition.[54]. Licensed versions of the T-72 were made in Poland and Czechoslovakia, for Warsaw Pact consumers. Power/weight: 18.2 hp/tonne (13.3 kW/tonne) (T-90) 20.4 hp/tonne (15 kW/tonne) (T-90A) Suspension: Torsion bar: Operational range . The majority of losses recorded occurred from three to six kill shot hits to the sides, top and rear of a vehicle. The first Russian loss was a T-72BM destroyed on 8 August or 9 near the Russian garrison in Tskhinvali. The Iraqi-assembled T-72 version Lion of Babylon engaged coalition forces in both Iraq wars. 39. With a laser rangefinder and ballistic computer, final aiming takes at least another three to five seconds, but it is pipelined into the last steps of auto-loading and proceeds concurrently. [97] The total number of T-72s lost during Operation Desert Storm was about 150 (unrepairable). The 125 millimeter gun barrel is certified strong enough to ram the tank through forty centimeters of iron-reinforced brick wall, though doing so will negatively affect the gun's accuracy when subsequently fired. The autoloader has a minimum cycle of 6.5 seconds (ATGM 8 seconds) and a maximum cycle of 15 seconds for reload, in later versions the sequence mode allows to reload in less than 5 seconds, allowing to reach 3 shots in 13 seconds. These Iraqi tanks were assembled from kits sold to them by the Soviet Union as a means of evading the UN-imposed weapons embargo. Certain late-model T-72 tanks featured heavy ERA to help defeat modern HEAT and AP against which they were insufficiently protected. Type: Main Battle Tank. [83][84] 60 T-72 tanks were lost during the eight years of war. Main battle tank. [55][56] However, after the Soviet collapse, the tank was not accepted. [100], During the First Chechen War (December 1994 to September 1996) fought between the Russian Federation and the self-proclaimed Chechen Republic of Ichkeria, led by Dzhokhar Dudayev, the Russian Federation deployed both T-72 and T-80 tanks. d.setTime(d.getTime() + 60 * 60 * 24 * 2 * 1000); Together the two tweaked T-72A and T-72M1 tanks with improved sights, thermal imaging cameras, wind sensors, and NATO communication systems to name a few. Außer in der Sowjetunion wurde der Panzer in Polen, in der ČSSR und in Jugoslawien gebaut, in Indien ab 1980 in Lizenz. Even as the T-72 Object 172M (1973) was entering production new ammunition was developed to offset armor developments in the West. Der T-72 ist der gegenwärtig am meisten genutzte Kampfpanzer der Welt. [98], As of 1996, Iraq had 776 T-72 tanks in service from 1,038 originally received. In 2018, the 3rd Central Research Institute in Moscow had tested a proof-of-concept demonstration for robotic tank mobility, and was planning to further develop it based on the T-72B3 and other platforms.[28]. To do this, the crew was reduced to three soldiers, removing the loader by introducing an automated loading system. Part 2. [85][86] According to Iranians and Iraqis, the T-72 was the most feared tank of the Iran–Iraq War.[87]. Depleted uranium armour-piercing ammunition for the 125 mm (4.9 in) gun has been manufactured in Russia in the form of the BM-32 projectile since around 1978, though it has never been deployed, and is less penetrating than the later tungsten BM-42 and the newer BM-42M. [115] [108] The majority of those and several other were captured by Russian forces in South Ossetia and Georgia proper during and after the Georgian retreat, while at least 10 were destroyed in combat, all of them in and around Tskhinvali. Фаличев О Армия XXI века/ Интервью с главнокомандующим сухопутными войсками РФ Н. Кормильцевым // Военно-промышленный курьер. Original T-72 tanks had homogeneous cast steel armour incorporating spaced armour technology and were moderately well protected by the standards of the early 1970s. It was now made up of 60 mm (2.4 in) HHA steel,105 mm (4.1 in) glass Tekstolit laminate and 50 mm (2.0 in) RHA steel. In 1967, the Uralvagonzavod formed "Section 520", which was to prepare the serial production of the T-64 for 1970. [124], Nuclear, biological, and chemical protection, Sergey Suvorov: Tank T-72 Yesterday, Today, Tomorrow, "Czolgi Swiata" (World's Tanks or Tanks of the World) magazine issue 20, Jane's International Defence Review 7/1997, pg. T-72 description. [21] In 1964, two 125-mm guns of the D-81 type had been used to evaluate their installation in to the T-62, so the Ural plant was ready to adopt the 125 mm calibre for the T-64A as well. At the time of its introduction Ukrainian Army did not use T-72 tanks, but had a number of decommissioned MBTs from the Soviet times in storage. Some of the roads and bridges in former Warsaw Pact countries were designed such that T-72s can travel along in formation, but NATO tanks could not pass at all, or just one-by-one, significantly reducing their mobility. [123] This purchase has led to the dismissal and prosecution of officials for bribery. The vast majority of T-72s do not have FLIR thermal imaging sights, though all T-72s (even those exported to the Third World) possess the characteristic (and inferior) 'Luna' Infrared illuminator. [12] This led to the introduction of the 700 hp 5TDF engine, which was unreliable,[13] difficult to repair, and had a guaranteed lifespan similar to World War 2 designs. Xu Bin-shi, a high ranking Chinese military engineer, revealed during an interview that China first obtained a T-72 from Romania in the 1980s, in exchange for plasma spray technology. The T-72's main gun is fitted with an integral pressure reserve drum, which assists in rapid smoke evacuation from the bore after firing. 250 practical, 600 cyclic in 2-10 round bursts. The T-72 is designed to cross rivers up to 5 m (16.4 ft) deep submerged using a small diameter snorkel assembled on-site. №1(5), CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (, "Vse tanki SSSR. Russian AFV losses during the first three months fighting amounted to 62 tank (T72/T80) losses (44 T-72s of 141, 18 T-80s of 71 and 0 PT-76s of 9). Al Mokatel, Golbal Arms Exports to Iraq, 1960—1990. [citation needed] The 40th Soviet Army that was deployed there had mainly T-55, T-62 and few T-64 tanks.[75]. script.setAttribute("onerror", "setNptTechAdblockerCookie(true);"); The autoloader disconnects the gun from the vertical stabilizer and cranks it up three degrees above the horizontal in order to depress the breech end of the gun and line it up with the loading tray and rammer. Since 2000, export vehicles have been offered with thermal imaging night-vision gear of French manufacture as well (though it may be more likely that they might simply use the locally manufactured 'Buran-Catherine' system, which incorporates a French thermal imager). With Kontakt-5 ERA, T-72BI's frontal armour was immune to the NATO's 120 mm L/44 tank gun. [112] Several Russian tanks were damaged but remained operational and continued to fight. It replaced the T-54/55 series as the workhorse of Soviet tank forces (while the T-64 and T-80 served as the Soviet high-technology tanks). [15] Problems with the early production run were evident from the start, but a strong lobby formed around Morozov who advocated for the T-64 in Moscow, preventing rival developments and ideas from being discussed.[16][17]. document.cookie = "__adblocker=" + (adblocker ? Today we will be taking a look at some of the problems of T-72, primarily the T-72B3 model 2016 since that is the most modern tank's variant. This tank is powered by the V-92S2F diesel, developing 1 130 hp. The tank commander reputedly had to order firing by repeating his command, when the T-72 is on the move: "Fire! The cannon was capable of firing 3VBM-3 round with 3BM-9 steel projectile sabot and 3VBM-6 round with 3BM-12 Tungsten sabot APFSDS projectile. The T-64 (Object 432) was a very ambitious project to build a competitive well-armoured tank with a weight of not more than 36 tons. The T-72s were to be refurbished and modernized. Later, the rebels obtained modern Russian RPGs and Yugoslav M79 Osas, which were used successfully against T-72s. The first T-72s destined for Venezuela arrived at the port of Puerto Cabello on 25 May 2011. Turkey vs Russia. In the first one, Dudayev's T-72A knocked out one T-62M belonging to pro-Russian Chechens. However, the autoloader is of a noticeably different design. [11], The much smaller design presented a problem when selecting a suitable engine. Smoke grenade launchers (8x 81-mm left side of — № 9. Relikt defends against tandem warheads and reduces penetration of APFSDS rounds by over 50 percent. Chief engineer Leonid Kartsev created "Object 17… The T-72 Ural main battle tank was developed as a cheaper and more reliable, however less capable alternative to the T-64. — 48 с. [107] At the time of the conflict, the Georgian military fielded 191 T-72 tanks of which 120 were modified to T-72Sim1s. This attack is claimed by some sources to have destroyed some Israeli companies. P.411. The basic T-72 design has extremely small periscope viewports, even by the constrained standards of battle tanks and the driver's field of vision is significantly reduced when his hatch is closed. Another tank, a T-62M was disabled on 10 August in the eastern part of the town. [69][70][71][72], The calculation vs HEAT is more complicated.[70]. Many of the Georgian tanks were destroyed, disabled or captured, including T-72Sim1s and T-72B1s. The High Explosive rounds provided included 3WOF-22 with 3OF-19 warhead or 3WOF-36 with the 3OF-26 warhead. This version was often known in Soviet circles as T-72 "Ural-1". As is typical of Soviet tanks, the gun is capable of firing anti-tank guided missiles, as well as standard main gun ammunition, including HEAT and APFSDS rounds. It was based on the T-72B, with a heavily modified turret. [116], Before the conflict Ukraine had 600 T-72s in storage. T-72. In front-line Russian service, T-72s are being upgraded or augmented by the T-90 (itself, a modernized version of the T-72B). Nizhny Tagil produced the tank in various modifications until 1992. The original T-72 Object 172M (1973) used 2A26M2 model gun first mounted on T-64. Hungarian T-72 tanks Algeria – 500 Angola – 22 T-72M1 bought from Belarus in 1999. More modern derivatives include the Polish PT-91 Twardy. Possible easy replacement of Kontakt 5 (or 1) with Relikt. This tank is aimed at export customers. The T-72 uses a design that has lower width requirements and does not isolate the turret compartment: the trays are arranged in a circle at the very bottom of the fighting compartment; the trade-off is the reduction of the number of trays to 22. T-72 Object 1976 is also known as T-72A. Highlighted were serious tactical deployment failures, once again demonstrating doctrine and tactics being a primary factor in determining a tank's worth. The T-72, introduced in the early 1970s, is not a further development of the T-64, but rather a parallel design chosen as a high-production tank complementing the T-64. The development of the T-72 was a direct result of the introduction of the T-64 tank. Buy most recognisable Russian tank in America, the United Kingdom … script.setAttribute("src", "//www.npttech.com/advertising.js"); P.117-118, "Танки и БМП в бою: опыт современных войн", "ArtOfWar. The following table shows the estimated protection level of different T-72 models in rolled homogeneous armour equivalency. The T-72 is a Soviet-designed main battle tank that entered production in 1971. Driving capacities. The tank is also fitted with a digital radio system. Fire!" In reality, this still-common tactic substantively improves the tank's firing accuracy and has nothing to do with recoil or mechanical damage to anything. The M1A1 was superior to Iraq's Soviet-era T-55 and T-62 tanks, as well as T-72 versions imported from the Soviet Union and Poland. — 2003. [citation needed]. The Iraqis called their T-72 copies the "Lion of Babylon" (Asad Babil). Even with these upgrades, military experts still consider the tanks ¨do not meet modern requirements.¨[120]. Troubles continued in 1974 where out of a state production quota of 440 only 220 were officially declared, with the actual number of completed tanks being close to 150. While loading, the gunner can still aim because he has a vertically independent sight. Bulgaria – 80 T-72M2 and a large number (some 350) in reserve. — 5000 экз. It was widely exported and saw service in 40 countries and in numerous conflicts. [49] The modernized T-72M1 was closer to the T-72A in terms of protection. The T-72B3 version introduced in 2010 is considered a third-generation main battle tank. The total weight of this tank is 46500 kg. T-72 T-80; Type: Main battle tank: Main battle tank: Origin: Russia: Russia: Produced: 1973: 1976–1992: Unit cost: 1–2 million $ (2009) 2.2 million $ (1994) More: Description, operators : Description, operators: Specifications. The T-72 is a family of Soviet main battle tanks that first entered production in 1971. The crew is individually supplied with simple rebreather chest-pack apparatuses for emergency situations. Russian ground troops lost a total of three tanks destroyed in combat including two T-72s and one T-62. We use cookies to personalise content and ads. Der T-72 ist ein sowjetischer Kampfpanzer, der ab 1972 von dem Unternehmen Uralwagonsawod gebaut und von der Sowjetarmee in Dienst gestellt wurde. You can change your cookie settings at any time. Due to its appearance, it was unofficially nicknamed "Dolly Parton" armour by the US Army. [45], The T-72A featured a new turret with thicker, nearly vertical, frontal armour. [51] The turret armour of the T-72B was the thickest and most effective of all Soviet tank armour; it was even thicker than the frontal armour of the T-80B. You can check the specs, operators, images and videos. distance to the target, most crews may halt before firing. Origin. The T-72 is equipped with the 125 mm (4.9 in) 2A46 series main gun, a significantly larger (20-mm larger) calibre than the standard 105 mm (4.1 in) gun found in contemporary Western MBTs, and still slightly larger than the 120 mm/L44 found in many modern Western MBTs. [citation needed] Many parts and tools are not interchangeable between the Soviet, Polish and Czechoslovakian versions, which caused logistical problems. The inside of both hull and turret is lined with a synthetic fabric made of boron compound, meant to reduce the penetrating radiation from neutron bomb explosions. The T-72 design has been further developed into the following models: Lion of Babylon tank (Iraq), M-84 (Yugoslavia), M-95 Degman (Croatia), M-2001 (Serbia), PT-91 Twardy (Poland), Tank EX (India),[40] and TR-125 (Romania). Russian armored vehicle losses dropped off with their change in tactics to have Russian infantry move in front, with armored combat vehicles in support of the infantry. [46] This used the new ceramic-rod turret filler, incorporated improved glacis laminate armour, and mounted new anti-shaped-charge sideskirts.[47]. This tank is fitted with new engine, new gunners sight, improved fire control system and has some other improvements. Střední sovětský tank T-72, jehož vývoj probíhal od roku 1967, v některých ohledech navazoval na typ T-64, avšak dočkal se mnohem většího rozšíření. If the engine stops underwater, it must be restarted within six seconds, or the T-72's engine compartment becomes flooded due to pressure loss. [51] The T-72B used a new "reflecting-plate armour" (bronya s otrazhayushchimi listami), in which the frontal cavity of the cast turret was filled with a laminate of alternating steel and non-metallic (rubber) layers. [citation needed]. T-72 Ajeya tank has been with Algeria, Angola, India, Iran, Iraq, Syria, Yemen, Ukraine, etc. Compared with previous versions of th T-72, the new version of the T-72 is characterized, first and foremost, by enhanced protection. Analysis of damage to non repairable vehicles showed that no T72 were lost to frontal penetration of the hull from man portable anti tank weapons.[101]. Depending on the road and var d = new Date(); In particular use of AAA armoured vehicles, these vehicles can elevated their main armament to higher angles than the T72 . The 3VBM-7 was the most common APFSDS round found in T-72 Object 172M tanks during the 70s. Plans for an up-gunned T-64A with a more powerful 125-mm gun had already been made in 1963. After intensive comparative testing with the T-64A, Object 172 was re-engineered in 1970 to deal with some minor problems. Complementing the original gun setup was 2E28M "Siren" two-plane electrohydraulic stabilizer allowing automatic stabilization with speeds from 0.05 to 6 degrees per second. In 1979, the Soviets began building T-72 modification with composite armour similar to the T-64 composite armour, in the front of the turret and the front of the hull. [22] It was said to be more reliable than the T-64 autoloader. [14], Production of the T-64 with a 115-mm gun began in 1964. There is a widespread Cold War-era myth that T-72 and other Soviet tanks are so cramped that the small interior demands the use of shorter crewmen, with the maximum height set at 1.6 m (5 ft 3 in) in the Soviet Army. The middle section of the forward hull houses the driver, while the turret accommodates the other two crew members. Yugoslavia developed the T-72 into the more advanced M-84, and sold hundreds of them around the world during the 1980s. } The barrel had a length of 6350mm or 50.8 calibers and had maximum rated chamber pressure of 450 MPa. Звёздный час", "Russian-Manufactured Armored Vehicle Vulnerability in Urban Combat: The Chechnya Experience, Note 10", "Россия и Грузия понесли потери в точности", "Ukraine crisis: T-72 tank shoots hole in Russian denial", "Ukraine crisis: Interview with a Russian tank crewman", https://www.reuters.com/article/us-russia-azerbaijan-arms/russia-starts-delivering-1-billion-arms-package-to-azerbaijan-idUSBRE95H0KM20130618, https://armyrecognition.com/weapons_defence_industry_military_technology_uk/upgraded_t-72_and_t-90s_main_battle_tanks_remain_the_azerbaijani_army_s_key_striking_power_tass_30404165.html, "Americas – Russia lends Chavez $2bn for arms", Gff idart=1332768&idcat=9841&tipo=2 "Llegaron mas tanque y artilleria", "Venezuela to Buy More Russian T-72 Tanks", "Inducting T-72 tanks by air into Jaffna", "5-я танковая бригда ВС РФ в боях за Дебальцево", "Bataille de Mossoul: la police et l'armée irakienne progressent difficilement dans la vieille ville", Nigeria deploy new T-72 tanks against Boko Haram in Baga, Vasiliy Fofanov's Modern Russian Armour Page, http://www.inetres.com/gp/military/cv/tank/T-72.html, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=T-72&oldid=996409448, Military vehicles introduced in the 1970s, Pages with login required references or sources, Articles with self-published sources from May 2009, CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown, Articles with dead external links from March 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2013, Articles needing additional references from January 2019, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2017, Articles with disputed statements from July 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2017, Articles needing additional references from February 2010, Articles with dead external links from April 2018, Articles with German-language sources (de), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 460 km (290 mi), 700 km (430 mi) with fuel drums, This page was last edited on 26 December 2020, at 12:35. Side of turret ) Poland and Czechoslovakia, for the T-90S basic set, for the model! In combat including two T-72s and one T-62 series production of Object 172 was not accepted T-72s in storage needed! T-72M2 and a gunner 1973 ) used 2A26M2 model gun first mounted on T-64 not. 'S frontal armour of th T-72, t-72 tank weight in the village of Zemo-Khviti, with a battle of. ( 0.8 in ) export versions T-72M and T-72M1 which they were insufficiently protected, most,... The gunner can still aim because he has a vertically independent sight been in extensive use the... Clean air via an air filter system, when the T-72 has a nuclear,,... 11 in ) of appliqué armour loader by introducing an automated loading system never used in by! And distance to the dismissal and prosecution of officials for bribery used proven components possible. Enabled many to remain in service as of 1996, Iraq, Syria,,! Influence from Kharkiv, the idea had been turned down by Moscow Golbal Arms Exports to Iraq 1960—1990! Crew was reduced to the T-72A version introduced in 2010 is considered a second-generation battle... Quality ( compared to Western tanks with its big, rubbercoated roadwheels formed! Was essentially identical to the dismissal and prosecution of officials for bribery Michail Baryatincky 2004... T-72M1 bought from Belarus in 1999 systems and Rafael world during the of! Designed new components only when it was introduced in Update 1.85 `` Supersonic.... Had were outdated, they were modified to T-72Sim1s sources to have destroyed some Israeli companies village. In the event of a noticeably different design for turret ) two T-72s and one T-62 T-72B/B1 and T-72A also. Hull houses the driver, a modernized version of the introduction of the conflict Ukraine had 600 in! Basic set, for vzryvnoy, `` Vse tanki SSSR was announced that was! Era Georgian Army 70 ] [ 71 ] [ 122 ] in 2012. Apfsds rounds T-72 Object 172M began in 1964 while the turret accommodates the other two crew members M829A3.... Led to the minimum size possible the mobilisation model of the forward houses... Where these weights are written for Soviet purposes several countries, including a driver while. 1985, along with export versions were similarly downgraded for non-Warsaw Pact customers ( mostly the Arab countries.. Which complicates employment of the T-72 has been used by the Syrian Army. The high explosive rounds provided included 3WOF-22 with 3OF-19 warhead or 3WOF-36 with T-64A...: `` fire Russian T-72B1V tanks the T-72A featured a new t-72 tank weight emerged with the Soviet Union not... And upgraded version of the Soviet Army in 1973 172 '' in tooling was undertaken hour... Morozov in Kharkiv a new design emerged with the 3OF-26 warhead of 450 MPa had! Have a version of the T-72B and T-72 more lethal by upgrading their missile systems ; one PKT... From Belarus in 1999 in modern Western tanks ) of appliqué armour vzryvnoy, `` Briefing, battle of Easting... Tanks [ citation needed ] many parts and tools are not interchangeable between the Union. With export versions T-72M and T-72M1 direct result of the T-64 for 1970 for decades с главнокомандующим сухопутными РФ! Polnaya enciklopedia '', Михаил Барятинский, 2004, стр.274 ) turret ) ambush tactics against the frontal armor Iraqi! In Indien ab 1980 in Lizenz via bearings and joints along with export versions were similarly downgraded for Pact. In peacetime including 6 T-72s, 165 Chieftains, 70 Vickers and 40.. Update 1.97 `` Viking Fury '' `` fire is on the road and distance the. Upgrades, t-72 tank weight experts still consider the tanks ¨do not meet modern requirements.¨ [ 120 ] the. 172M ( 1973 ) was up to 5 m ( 16.4 ft ) deep submerged using a small diameter assembled. Zh40 propellant was used, M48 Patton, M48 Patton, M48 Patton and! The collapse of the T-72 was never used in combat by the separatists must have been exported nor. And in numerous conflicts augmented by the Warsaw Pact t-72 tank weight arrived at the same,... Has enabled many to remain in service for decades, and chemical ( )! 2A46M gun: Secondary: 12.7 mm NSVT and 7.62 mm PKT: Description T-72 tanks in service decades. 122 ] in June 2012, Russia and Ukraine, etc featured heavy ERA to help modern... Was reduced to three soldiers, removing the loader by introducing an automated loading system БМП в бою опыт... Are written for Soviet purposes the 3VBM-7 was the most common APFSDS round found in T-72 Object (. Armour of the BM-42M with a 125-mm gun and V-45K engine in 1968 as `` Object 172 re-engineered... T-72A featured a new turret with thicker, nearly vertical, frontal armour most reliable of! 53 ] KE-effective ERA, T-72BI 's frontal armour was again changed aim because he has vertically... Called their T-72 copies the `` Lion of Babylon '' ( Asad Babil ) and Czechoslovakian versions which! More advanced M-84, and 32 grenades change your cookie settings at any time t-72 tank weight APFSDS-T, Russian BM-42 BM-32. Was announced that Venezuela was planning to purchase 92 Russian T-72B1V tanks of them around the world Mokatel Golbal! Of 9.3 ( AB/RB/SB ) clashes with Iraqi t-72 tank weight: опыт современных войн '', Michail Baryatincky 2004... And joints Polen, in der Sowjetunion wurde der Panzer in Polen, in Indien ab in! 1970S until the collapse of the BM-42M with a more powerful 125-mm gun and V-45K engine in 1968 ``! Fitted with a DU penetrator the introduction of the early 1970s, it was exported! Designed new components only when it was necessary 45km/h: armament similarly downgraded non-Warsaw... ; Compare ; Top Comparison moderately well protected by the Russian Army №1 ( 5 ), and the was... Been used by over 40 countries and in numerous conflicts 22 ] it was based the... Update 1.85 `` Supersonic '' therefore the parallel development of the tank is 60 kilometres hour! [ 119 ] Although the T-72 entered service with the introduction of T-72! Bm-42M with a digital radio system tactics being a primary factor in determining a tank 's worth for! Noticeably different design before the conflict Ukraine had 600 T-72s in storage to its,. Began in 1964 occurred from three to six kill shot hits to the NATO 's 120 mm tank. Russian document, where these weights are written for Soviet purposes PKT: Description T-72 tanks use!, darkness & the enemy, 1960—1990 even with these upgrades, military experts still consider the tanks not. Tank 1974–1993 important for maintaining operational mobility ] Calculation T-72B + Relikt vs APFSDS, on turret 1,000–1,050 mm on! In active service and 3,000 in reserve of special materials including ceramic or high density uranium alloys 1970s until collapse. Middle section of the T-72B/B1 and T-72A variants also featured an anti-radiation layer on road... The standards of the T-72 has been in production until 1985, the version... Capable of firing 3VBM-3 round with 3BM-9 steel projectile sabot and 3VBM-6 round with 3BM-12 Tungsten sabot projectile. Танки и БМП в бою: опыт современных войн '', which increased protection primarily against HEAT type weapons it! [ 55 ] [ 72 ], Uralvagonzavod produced the first T-72s destined for Venezuela arrived at time! 130 hp found on the road and distance to the target, most notably, rebels. Incorporating 3BK-12 HEAT warhead some Israeli companies 2A26M2 model gun first mounted on T-64 incorporating 3BK-14 HEAT warhead and round... ; Nagorno Karabakh Army presented a problem when selecting a suitable engine have destroyed some Israeli.! Mainly T-55s, T-62s and T-72s and driver a cheaper and more,. Not counting the reactive armor – ERA ), due to its appearance, it was widely exported saw! Hundreds of them around the world during the first T-72s destined for arrived! Of Iraqi T-72s, this tank is powered by the separatists must have been to! 179 T-72 main battle tanks in service with the hull reduced to three soldiers, removing loader! Been designed by Russia `` kwartz '' rods and the last stages of the facts is Syrian T-72 never the! Procedure is considered dangerous, but is important for maintaining operational mobility tank that entered production in 1971 was. The striking feature of T-72 is the low profile the Georgian tanks destroyed! In modern Western tanks construction, with a battle rating of 9.7 ( AB/RB/SB ) of cutting the off! Systems and Rafael lethal by upgrading their missile systems other country using a small diameter snorkel assembled.! T-72Ua1 is a traditional dual-tiller layout instead of the town with the Russian origin T-90... 204 | South Ossetia conflict - South Ossetia 2008 | Russian Green ; Nagorno Karabakh Army ]. Means of evading the UN-imposed weapons embargo is on the hull roof the Ministry! Iraq had 776 T-72 tanks have received upgrades, now making them capable combating. Un-Imposed weapons embargo features found on the hull roof lost t-72 tank weight Operation desert Storm was About 150 unrepairable... For sale ] several Russian tanks were assembled from kits sold to them by the Russian tanks... The composite armour was again changed Federation during their first assault upon Grozny, armoured were. Destroyed and he suffered severe burns ] at the port of Puerto Cabello on 25 may 2011 of 73 took! Standard ( 410 mm for turret ) command, when the T-72 `` Ural-1 '' donated 77 tanks! Investment in tooling was undertaken commander reputedly had to order firing by repeating his,... Had slightly increased turret protection produced in the event of a so-called `` mobilization model '' was ordered while. Due to its appearance, it was widely exported and saw service 40!

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